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Discretized Streams: A Fault-Tolerant Model for Scalable Stream Processing

Zaharia, Matei
Das, Tathagata
Li, Haoyuan
Hunter, Timothy
Shenker, Scott
Stoica, Ion
Technical Report Identifier: EECS-2012-259

Abstract: Many "big data" applications need to act on data arriving in real time. However, current programming models for distributed stream processing are relatively low-level, often leaving the user to worry about consistency of state across the system and fault recovery. Furthermore, the models that provide fault recovery do so in an expensive manner, requiring either hot replication or long recovery times. We propose a new programming model, discretized streams (D-Streams), that offers a high-level functional API, strong consistency, and efficient fault recovery. D-Streams support a new recovery mechanism that improves efficiency over the traditional replication and upstream backup schemes in streaming databases - parallel recovery of lost state-and unlike previous systems, also mitigate stragglers. We implement D-Streams as an extension to the Spark cluster computing engine that lets users seamlessly intermix streaming, batch and interactive queries. Our system can process over 60 million records/second at sub-second latency on 100 nodes.