Trends and Prospects in Computer System Design
Smith, Alan Jay
Technical Report Identifier: CSD-84-219
Abstract: The directions for computer system development over the next five to ten years are surveyed. The type of system that will come to dominate, or be preferred, over that period will be locally distributed; workstations and intelligent nodes will be connected with local area networks, and will be supported with file servers and larger central computer facilities. Levels of reliability and fault tolerance will increase. Standard software systems, such as Unix, will become more prevalent. The performance of high end computer systems will continue to advance, but at a moderate rate. Breakthroughs in multiprocessor performance are unlikely, but multiprocessing (for small numbers of processors) will become more common due to needs for more computation. Specialized hardware will take a more prominent role in certain areas, such as artificial intelligence and graphics.
Throughout the discussion, the hard problems, the research problems and the engineering problems are indicated. Some industrial opportunities are indicated.